While there is no doubt that Guinea will continue to play a vital role in the global production of bauxite for years to come, its future with respect to alumina refining and aluminum smelting is far less clear. The two processes involve some of the most power-intensive production methods in the entire metals industry, both of which can not currently be supported by the country's existing energy infrastructure. For this reason, CMC's ultimate goal of developing such refining and smelting capacity, as well as the capacity to produce other metals, largely depends on the company's own ability to create long-term access to reliable sources of energy. In fact historically, alumina and aluminum facilities around the world have always migrated to regions where comparative advantages exist in terms of stable and cheap electricity.
Guinea is referred to as the “Water Tower” of West Africa because of the 23 river basins that are located in a number of its pastoral highlands. Their network of rivers, which amounts to a total distance of 6,250 km and also connects to 1,161 streams, provides local communities throughout the country with an abundant supply of water. As a result, CMC is currently exploring partnership opportunities to tap into this immense hydroelectric potential and eventually integrate several small/mid-scale hydroelectric dams into the company's future electrification plans. Other potential sources of energy that should also be considered have been listed in the table below.